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Miners Lamp Cleaning and Safe Use Instructions

Instructions for Use Miners' Type Oil Lamps

miners' style oil lampssolid brass miners' lamps

Filling Instructions:

Recommended Fuel: Kerosene Based, Refined, High Quality Lamp Oil

Unscrew bottom fuel vessel. Unscrew knurled ring surrounding burner. Lift out burner and fill vessel with fuel. Replace burner and screwed knurled ring. Light wick and adjust flame to approximately 1/8" by means of the Wick Pricker Pin. Screw fuel vessel to upper part of lamp and after allowing about one minute for the lamp to achieve air circulation, the flame can be raised to the required height. A flame height of 1/2" is recommended.


First apply a light smearing of metal cleaning agent (ie. Brasso, Wenol) and using a dry, soft, clean cloth, rub off briskly to achieve a bright polished finish.


It is important that the wick be cut level with the burner tube, and that the carbon deposit be cleaned off regularly, to ensure a bright light. To dismantle, first unscrew the fuel vessel to expose the brass ring supporting the lamp glass. The ring is slotted and, by means of a suitable forked tool, (a flat headed screw driver can work) it can be unscrewed to release the inner fittings. Care should be taken to see that all parts are replaced in the correct order.

Please note: Do Not Overfill the Fuel Vessel. We suggest the fuel vessel be ¾ full.

Caution: Do not use any type of spirit or alcohol based fuel.

(by special order only)

The Thomas & Williams “Cambrian” 1R Miner’s Safety Lamp

This is an authentic miner’s oil burning safety lamp type 1R, with internal safety gauzes and hasp and staple for locking with a sealed lead rivet or a padlock.

During the period 1890 – 1920, the type 1R was used in coal mines where methane gas and oxygen deficiency were hazards, providing a safe source of light for the miner as well as a means of warning against the dangers of explosion and suffocation.

The Cambrian Type No.1R Lamp
with double safety gauzes
and lead rivet lock hasp and staple

Working Instructions

Recommended fuel:

refined kerosene ( lamp oil)

The lamp should always be handed to the workmen with a small flame and as the lamp heats up, the flame increases automatically, and will burn throughout the remainder of the shift. the height of the flame when finally adjusted in normal conditions should be approximately 1/2". it is important that the wick should be cut level with the burner tube and the carbon deposit cleaned off after every shift to ensure a bright light.

Filling instructions:

To fuel lamp, unscrew oil vessel, unscrew ring holding down burner, lift out burner to expose filling access. Care must be taken to ensure fuel is always clean. no dirt should be allowed to enter the fuel vessel. Do not overfill - we recommend the fuel vessel be no more than three quarters full. during this process the inner fittings can be removed for cleaning and inspection. inner fittings are held in the upper body of the lamp by means of a glass seating ring beneath the glass. The ring is slotted and, using a suitable forked tool, is unscrewed to release the inner fittings for cleaning and inspection.


Gauzes should be cleaned after every working shift using a medium hard bristle brush. after each cleaning the gauzes should be carefully inspected looking particularly for badly eroded and broken wires'and if such are found, the whole gauze unit must be rejected and replaced. When lamps are being cleaned, care should be taken to see that the parts are replaced in correct order, viz: gauzes, washer, glass, washer and glass holding ring, the latter being screwed to the lamp frame.

At commencement of shift see that the wick is one-sixteenth of an inch above top of burner tube, and after the wick is well alight should be lowered by using the pricker pin, until the wick is level with the top of the burner tube.

Please note: do not use any type of spirit fuel

The internal gauzes are treated with a coating of light preserving oil and therefore when first lit this coating will burn off producing a little smoke temporarily.